How to Prevent and Treat Osteoporosis
What is osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis is a condition that causes the tissues inside of the bones to thin. Over time, people with this condition will begin to lose bone density. Osteoporosis is the most common type of bone disease. In fact, it is estimated that 20 percent of women who are over the age of 50 have this condition. Nearly half of women with this condition will eventually fracture a bone.
What causes osteoporosis?
Calcium and phosphorous are the minerals that are responsible for maintaining normal bone function. As a person ages, the amount of calcium and phosphorous in the bones gets depleted. This causes the bones to become fragile.
Who is at risk for developing osteoporosis?
Women who are over the age of 50, and men who are over the age of 70 are at the greatest risk for developing this condition. Rheumatoid arthritis and family history can also put people at risk for developing osteoporosis. Additionally, a lack of calcium in the diet is another risk factor for osteoporosis.
What are some of the signs and symptoms of osteoporosis?
Tenderness in the bones, fractures, and lower back pain are some of the most common symptoms of osteoporosis. People who have osteoporosis may also lose up to six inches of their height. Neck pain and lower back pain are two other possible symptoms. It is important to note that many people with this condition do not have any signs or symptoms initially.
What can be done about osteoporosis?
Doctors will usually recommend that patients take a prescription medication, such as Calcitonin. Calcitonin helps slow the rate of bone loss. It also helps reduce some of the pain associated with osteoporosis. Calcitonin comes in the form of an injection or nasal spray.
Additionally, doctors also recommend that people with this condition get regular exercise. Exercise can reduce the risk of bone fracture. Aerobics, tai chi, yoga, and dancing are some of the exercises that are recommended for a person with osteoporosis. However, people should make sure that they avoid high-impact exercises. High-impact exercises increase the risk of falling, and this can lead to fractures.
What are some things that can be done to prevent osteoporosis?
People need to make sure that they are getting adequate amounts of calcium and vitamin D. Cheese, ice cream, leafy vegetables, and yogurt are excellent sources of these nutrients. Additionally, getting regular exercise can prevent osteoporosis.