Common Types of Surgery for Arthritis
Arthritis is a condition that causes pain and discomfort in the joints as they become inflamed and swelled. For many sufferers, arthritis symptoms come and go but, as the condition worsens, it becomes even more difficult to do the simplest things, including moving around. Sufferers have more difficult days than good ones. Doctors often suggest surgical intervention for these people. There are different types of arthritis surgery that are best suited for certain affected areas.
This type of surgery involves a complete replacement of the affected joint. It is most commonly recommended for patients who have arthritis in the knee or hip. Arthroplasty completely removes pieces of cartilage or bone that have splintered away. Swollen tissue may also need to be removed. The doctor will make a small incision and use a scope to determine what may need to be done. The small incision is then used again to provide access for a thin tube with surgical instruments attached.
Osteotomy is a surgical procedure that is designed specifically for sufferers who are younger and are able to maintain a higher level of physical activity. It is most commonly used to alleviate arthritis symptoms in the knee. The doctor makes a small incision that provides access to the area and allows for removal of small pieces of bone to help increase stability, function, and alignment.
A surgical procedure of this type involves removing the damaged section of joint at the ends of the connecting bones. The bones are then fused together, using specific materials such as metal plates, screws, or pins. Eventually, the bones fuse together on their own, and the connecting materials can be removed.
Recovering from Arthritis Surgery
The recovery time will vary depending on the type of procedure, but patients can generally expect almost complete mobility within a few weeks. Patients will need to undergo several physical therapy sessions to help the process. An orthopedic doctor will monitor healing and mobility closely. During initial healing, patients may experience some discomfort and pain similar to other types of surgery.
Surgical intervention can help people who suffer from arthritis and the symptoms have a profound impact on the quality of life. The various types of arthritis surgery have promising potential for sufferers. Whether it is a procedure for permanent repair or one that helps alleviate symptoms, patients are given hope with the potential for symptom reduction and increased mobility without fear of pain.