Strengthening and Stretching Exercises for Arthritis Patients
Osteoarthritis is a mechanical abnormality that leads to the degradation of bones and cartilaginous tissues. This disease affects millions of individuals in the world. The treatment for the abnormality involves a combination of exercises for osteoarthritis, analgesics, and lifestyle modification.
The symptoms of osteoarthritis include stiffness, locking, tenderness, pain, and effusion. Effusion is fluid build-up in the joints. These symptoms can be lessened with certain strengthening and stretching exercises. Osteoarthritis exercises are important because they encourage movement, which is important in strengthening the various muscles of the patient so that they do not atrophy due to disuse.
There are a number of exercises for osteoarthritis for various parts of the body. Many arthritis patients develop pain on the knees which can be a very difficult condition to live with. Such individuals can maintain a regular regimen that involves performing exercises for arthritic knees. While the patient may not like the feeling at first, it is important for them to do the exercises so that they strengthen the muscles and ligaments around the knee for greater support of the joint.
The arthritic knees exercises include squats, stretches, and riding bicycles among others. These exercises help in strengthening leg and knee muscles. The patient can even perform such an exercise like running when they have gained enough strength.
Osteoarthritis can also affect the movement of the neck, and it’s therefore important for the patient to perform neck stretching exercises, as well as exercises for neck pain. Physical therapists can guide arthritic patients by helping with warm-ups and stretches. These involve moving the neck forward and backwards and side-to-side a certain number of times. A patient does not need a lot of time to do the stretching exercises because they do not involve a lot of physical activity. Patients should do as many varieties of stretches and back pain exercises as possible so that they can identify the ones that best relieve their pain.
There are also a number of water exercises such as swimming and swimming aerobics that also help in relieving pain in the affected parts. Because people are generally weight-less under water, aquatic exercises help patients with advanced arthritis not to exert a lot of pressure on the joints.
Most osteoarthritis patients also complain of back pains. These can be relieved with various back pain exercises such as pelvic tilts and the McKenzie exercise. The latter includes a combination of exercises that help in strengthening the abdomen which translate to a stronger back.